Robot shuttles, a new type of vehicle that is limited to slow speeds for cities, are converging with robotaxis.

This is according to an IDTechEx report, “Robot Shuttles and Autonomous Buses 2020-2040”.

Being silent, robotic and emission-free, they are expected to be allowed over piazzas and through indoor malls to deliver even children and the severely disabled right to their destinations.

Cleverly, they are special boxy symmetric designs never needing to do a U-turn, so they access the tiniest spaces.

The robot shuttles are designed to rapidly reconfigure as “last mile” freight carriers, mobile restaurants, school buses and more and display lucrative wide-area advertising.

In contrast robotaxis according to IDTechEx’s “Autonomous Cars and Robotaxis 2020-2040” report, are autonomous, road-only taxis going fast and far for a lower cost than manned taxis due to intensive use, some being lent by private owners for part of the day.

Physically, robotaxis they are little more than a regular car like a Tesla X.

National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS) has presented a mobility ecosystem for autonomous electric vehicles for sharing services, under the name PONS.

At the heart of the ecosystem is the autonomous Sango electric vehicle for up to six passengers.

NEVS believes there is no reason to own an autonomous vehicle, since PONS cheaply goes anywhere on city roads.

Its new pilot project in Stockholm will operate 10 Sango robot shuttles in robotaxi mode.  Maximum speed is 15kph, later increasing to 50kph.

However, although Toyota will use its E-Palette smart shuttles in its demonstration smart city at the base of Mount Fuji and the Tokyo Olympics, most car makers are ambivalent as both options mean fewer vehicles need to be manufactured.

Leaders in robot shuttles are mainly new companies and they find it easy to get city and financial backing. Time will tell what is the killer concept, says IDTechEx.